He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. . From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. The Europeans did not conquer the empire alone, they were only a part of a force that changed the order of things in Mexico.The belief that the Aztecs took the Spanish for gods is coming more more into question. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . Let's take a look at the man who ruled in such extraordinary times... Moctezuma views a magic mirror that foretells that coming of the Spaniards.Was the emperor really ruled by superstition, or was he more practical?Picture from the Codex Florentino. The second version of his death, which comes from Aztec accounts of the event, is that Moctezuma II was killed by the Spanish as they fled the city following the Aztec retaliation for the. Quetzalcoatl: The Feathered Serpent of Mexico The Aztecs believed that their ancestors were not from Central America. . He was born in 1480, and was trained to become a priest. Answers (1) Macy October 14, 3:54 AM. The problem is that sources are highly contradictory. However, Moctezuma II is most famous for being the Aztec ruler during the. Moctezuma (c. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, [N.B. This is because Moctezuma II continued to rule over the Aztec Empire and city of Tenochtitlan from his imprisonment in the Aztec palace. Cortés had several hundred soldiers and sailors, as well as horses and guns. Moctezuma II ruled over. LOGIN TO POST ANSWER. 0 Answers. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. The Aztec people cremated his body soon after. The crown is a sign of Moctezuma's sovereignty. During this time, Moctezuma served as a general under his uncle. What hand Moctezuma II had in that fall may never be known. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Montezuma II was very a smart and industrious ruler. For most of his reign, he controlled a large portion of what is now central and southern Mexico . StudyHawks. Historians have long held that Montezuma II invited Cortes into the city due to Aztec religious beliefs. His great grandson, Montezuma II was born around the year 1466. LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. For this reason, it's hard to get beyond the basics and really understand the man. Montezuma II is the namesake of Montezuma's revenge, a form of diarrhea that arises when a tourist consumes a food that he/she does not often eat. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. info)), was the ninth tla­toani or ruler of Tenochti­t­lan, reign­ing from 1502 to 1520. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . Regnal number The use of a regna… Montezuma II Xocoyotzin was leader of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire in 1519 when Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes showed up with a powerful army. The Aztec Empire was at its best when Montezuma II was crowned in 1502. Asked By lcarpetron @ 22/05/2020 12:08 AM. 1 Answers. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. +8. Montezuma's headdress (click the images). Unsure of who these people were or what they wanted, Moctezuma II ordered his people to keep him informed of their movements and actions. Regardless, Moctezuma II died during this time and his death was one of several factors that led to the eventual collapse of the Aztec Empire during the Spanish conquest. He was in turn succeeded by another of Moctezuma’s uncles, Ahuitzotl. However, Montezuma was doomed to be the last great Aztec king. Moctezuma II ruled over the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. as part of a festival. When his father died in 1481, the throne passed to one of his uncles, Tizocic, who reigned until 1486. It was found that a glyph in the central disk represented the name of the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma II, who ruled between 1502 and 1520. The Spanish overthrew the Aztec Empire with the aid of thousands of the Aztec’s enemies. Search. In many ways, this emperor is believed to have been harsh in the ruling of his empire. Login. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. He more than doubled the area of dominance.One of the great generals that fought his battles, however, was his nephew - Moctezuma. I can identify major Spanish explorers and conquistadors of the Americas. He ruled the land until his untimely death in 1520. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. He surrendered to the Spanish in 1520. Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma II ruled over A. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the eighteenth century. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? Ancestry. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Spanish massacre of Aztec people in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, https://www.historycrunch.com/moctezuma-ii.html#/. Often mistaken for his popular descendant, Moctezuma II, Moctezuma I greatly contributed to the famed Aztec Empire that thrived until Spanish arrival, and he ruled over a period of peace from 1440 to 1453. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. MOCTEZUMA II is a historical conundrum. Montezuma II Montezuma was the leader of the Aztecs, and he ruled from 1502 until 1520. Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. If you quote this material please be courteous and provide a link. World Digital Library. Explore . The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. The Aztec nobility and religious leaders became very angry during this time with the Spanish. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. He was a warrior leader considered to be a demi-god by his subjects, who in his early years massively expanded the … the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. We know that Moctezuma II, or Montezuma as he is sometimes called, was the last elected Aztec emperor and ruled over an empire that stretched from the shores of the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Spanish were no doubt anxious to justify the conquest of the empire. Moctezuma welcomed Cortés but was seized by the Spanish and later killed during fighting. Close. The Aztecs didn’t start out as a powerful people, however. Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. Ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother.Tizoc, to take over the throne. Nowadays, his name has many different spellings, including Motecuhzuma and Moctezuma. This may be the reason why Cortes was able to find allies among the cities of Mexico in his conquest. Login with Gmail. References: Review of Montezuma: Warlord of the Aztecs by Michael E. Smith; Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest by Matthew Restall; Encyclopædia Britannica online; Smithsonian Archives; Wikipedia article on Moctezuma II; Moctezuma Xocoyotzin By Marisol Martín del Campo. But was it Moctezuma II that was really the target of this hate, or just the powerful Mexica culture?When it came to conquering and expansion, it was really the previous emperor that steals the spotlight - Ahuitzotl. The Aztec people, however, resented the … The Aztecs had thousands of warriors. Historians have reported that Moctezuma II was first made aware of the Spanish’s arrival in 1517 when Spanish conquistadors landed at the edge of Aztec territory along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). He ruled an empire of over 5 million people. Post Your Question. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization ’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. Today his name has a lot of spellings, including Montezuma and Motecuhzoma. He ruled over the Aztec Empire until 1520 with the arrival of Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Hernan Cortés. Montezuma II himself was taken as a hostage by the notorious Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortes in 1519. Which of these was not a key difference between Northern and … B. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. Which Spanish class included Spanish colonists born in the Americas? For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. They believed that Moctezuma II was weak and had let the Spanish take over the city. Conquistadors Conquerors Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas. He chose eventually to meet them in peace, giving gifts and even allowing for their lack of cultural knowledge (for example, no one was allowed to look directly at the emperor - Moctezuma apparently overlooked Cortes' offense in this matter).The Spanish in reality may have just provided the excuse needed for an inevitable civil war. Moctezuma II became the ninth tlatoani and ruler of Tenochtitlan in 1502. Montezuma Was Not Really … Death of Moctezuma II from the Florentine Codex. History. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. Reign of Montezuma II When his uncle died in 1502, Montezuma automatically ascended to the throne. 14/07/2019 10:13 PM. During the period of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, it was ruled by Moctezuma II. Montezuma's indecision in the face of these unknown invaders certainly contributed to the fall of his empire and civilization. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. He is famous for being the ruler of the Aztec empire at the start of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Template:Aztec Moctezuma or Montezuma II, also known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (c. 1466 -1520), was an Aztec ruler ("huey tlatoani" of Tenochtitlan), leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance from c. 1502–1520. Login with Facebook Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl, ruled the Aztec Empire from 1469-1481 when he died leaving his brother, Tizoc, to take over the throne. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. The crown is a sign of Moctezuma's sovereignty. He died in 1520 during a battle with the Spanish, though the exact cause of his death is a matter of disagreement. He probably died disgraced in June 1520.Moctezuma II was succeeded by his brother Cuitláhuac, then by his nephew Cuauhtémoc, the last of the Aztec emperors. He was born around the year 1466 and was bound to be a successful ruler before he reigned during 1502 to 1520. The people were religious, but not uneducated. In 1519 soldiers from Spain , led by Hernán Cortés , arrived in the Aztec lands. He strengthened the reign of himself and his nobles, though his conquests were not as widespread as the ruler before him. Placing these recent finds alongside significant and historical items on loan from Mexico in the grand Reading Room, the Museum gives us a glimpse of Aztec life in the early 16th century. Many may have been happy for the chance to free themselves from the powerful Aztecs. In fact, this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who was a Spanish conquistador and one of the first European explorers to arrive in Mexico. Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. The articles on this site are ©2006-2020. Montezuma had been selected to be Tlatoani (the word means "speaker") in 1502, the maximum leader of his people: his grandfather, father, and two uncles had also been tlatoque (plural of tlatoani). By the end of his rule, the Spanish had taken over and the Aztecs no longer ruled themselves. Synopsis. Over the next few months, he was used and imprisoned by the Spanish as the conquest progressed. Question: Moctezuma II ruled over. It is questionable whether it was the superstition of the emperor that was his downfall or not.No one is sure how he died. the Spanish as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. His name glyph, shown in the upper left corner of the image from the Codex Mendoza above, was composed of a diadem (xiuhuitzolli) on straight hair with an attached earspool, a separate nosepiece and a speech scroll. You can read about the fall of the empire elsewhere. Millions of people in 38 provinces paid tribute to the Aztec ruler, Montezuma II, prior to the Spanish Conquest in 1521. Search. Cortés had several hundred soldiers and sailors, as well as horses and guns. For centuries scholars have puzzled over the man - what he thought, what drove him, why he made the decisions he did. He Was a Great Warrior and General. C. the Aztecs as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. studyhawks. Even before he received this … It is often linked to the bacterium E. coli. At its height, the Aztecs ruled over 80,000 square miles throughout central Mexico, from the Gulf Coast to the Pacific Ocean, and south to what is now Guatemala. Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, although this is an unfair assessment of him. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. Somebody was rewriting history, or maybe everybody was. Moctezuma II, the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, was known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin. Although the Aztec Empire expanded to its peak under the reign of Moctezuma, it also eventually fell victim to the conquistadores , who took over the capital (now Mexico City) after the ruler himself was killed. When Cortés and his men arrived in Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma II, who precariously ruled over a large empire, chose to welcome Cortés as an honored guest, rather than risk a war which might quickly be joined by aggrieved indigenous people. Wrapping up the year with the third of its major exhibitions in 2009, the British Museum brings us a selection of recent archaeological discoveries from the time Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire. Toggle navigation. He was certainly faced with a difficult situation when the powerful strangers landed. Moctezuma II. Chapter 6 Lesson 2 Explorers and Conquerors Learning Targets I can describe Moctezuma II’s rule over the Aztec Empire. These city-states ruled the area in and around the Mexico Valley from 1428 until they were defeated by the Spanish in 1521 as part of the Spanish conquest. What do we really know about Moctezuma II (also called Montezuma), the Aztec emperor who met Hernan Cortes and saw the start of an incredible clash of civilizations? Moctezuma tried to keep Cortes from entering and taking the city but ended up as a hostage while Cortes and his allies took over. According to these beliefs, the Aztecs expected an important god by the name of Quetzalcoatl - a white, bearded god - to return to rule over the empire. There is much more to Montezuma than his defeat by the Spanish, however. Montezuma II was proceeded by his great grandfather Montezuma I. Montezuma I had expanded the Aztec Empire to the Gulf of Mexico. Due to his uncle's efforts in expanding the empire, Montezuma's rule stretched across what is now known as the … Moctezuma (ad. In this version, Moctezuma’s body was said to have been thrown from the palace as the Spanish fled. The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… Moctezuma II (reigned 1502–20), whose surname was Xocoyotzin or “Bitter Lord,” was the ninth Aztec emperor, the son of Axayácatl and the great grandson of Moctezuma I (also seen as Montezuma I). It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. Or was it already about to be torn apart by civil war?Either way, many today suggest that he accomplished a lot in the building and maintaining of the empire, until its fall. Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire from his capital city of Tenochtitlán. It is a compound of a noun meaning "lord" and a verb meaning "to frown in anger", and so is interpreted as "he is one who frowns like a lord" or "he who is angry in a noble manner." Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. Modern scholars sometimes call him Moctezuma II to differentiate him from the other emperor of the name, but in his time the number was not used. Moctezuma II's father, Axayacatl. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin and similar, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.It was during Moctezuma's reign that the episode known as the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began. the Incas as king near the beginning of the sixteenth century. The palace of Montezuma II also had two houses or zoos, one for birds of prey and another for other birds , ... Moctezuma had rule over an empire of almost five million people in central and southern Mexico because he had extended his rule to surrounding territories to gain tribute and prisoners to sacrifice to the gods. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs . Itzcoatl’s successor Montezuma (Moctezuma) I, who took power in 1440, was a great warrior who was remembered as the father of the Aztec empire. In this period, the Aztecs controlled Mexico and Central America. The empire went through stages of expansion, and Ahuitzotl was the emperor in charge of the most recent one. Montezuma II was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire. 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